Boarding School and Land Allotment Eras 1879-1933
U.S. annexes Hawai’i and seizes lands
Simultaneously, an ethnocidal campaign is launched to outlaw traditional healing practices and forbid traditional healers (Kahuna) from practicing. If traditional healing practices are engaged, then fines or imprisonment ensue. Kahunas are forbidden to practice by law until 1973 (Native Voices, "1898: U.S. annexes Hawai‘i; seizes land; suppresses healers").