Invasion from All Directions—Stolen Lands, Stolen Peoples 1600-1699


Spanish target Apaches, Dine', Utes for slave trade

The Spanish kidnap and sell Apaches, Dine’ (Navajos), and Utes into slavery. Spanish governors also sell and kidnap Apaches and Dine’ to silver mining camps. Spanish rulers in the colonies develop an active slave trade by abducting Dine’ and other Indigenous women and children through the early 1900s (Nies, 1996).

Traumatic Event