Sovereign Nation Era Ends 1800-1827


John Quincy Adams cites Manifest Destiny for land dispossession

“What is the right of the huntsman to the forest of a thousand miles over which he has accidentally ranged in quest of prey? … Shall the fields and valleys, which a beneficent God has formed to teem with the life of innumerable multitudes, be condemned to everlasting barrenness?” (Adams, 1802).

Traumatic Event