Indian Self-Determination and Self-Governance Era 1968-present


Indian Adoption Project is folded into the Adoption Resource Exchange of North America (ARENA)

This is a Child Welfare League of America coordinated effort to adopt out Native children in the U.S. and Canada into primarily White families. By 1977, nearly 900 children are placed into transracial adoptions by IAP and ARENA (Balcom, 2007).

Traumatic Event