Epidemics, Slavery, Massacres, and Indigenous Resistance 1492-1599


De Soto dies/is killed?

Textbooks note that de Soto suddenly becomes ill and dies. However, Choctaw and Chickasaw tribal oral stories note that when de Soto returned near their territories, they sought him out and killed him and 12 of his men. According to oral history, the heads of de Soto and another captain were kept by the tribe, and the rest were placed on poles near villages as a warning to other Spanish conquistadores.

Native Resistance