Indian Removal Era Begins 1828-1849

1836-1837

Creek Trail of Tears

Trail of Tears; Creek path in orange. Image: Nikater
Trail of Tears; Creek path in orange. Image: Nikater

At the end of the Creek War “about 2,500 Creeks, including several hundred chained warriors, were marched on foot to Montgomery and onto barges which were pushed down the Alabama River, beginning their forced removal to a new homeland in Indian Territory…. About 4,000 Creeks were moved to concentration camps in Mobile, Alabama in March 1837 supposedly for their own protection. However, mobs from Alabama and Georgia broke in and ransacked the camps, raping, killing and enslaving. Some of the Indians fled into nearby swamps, only to be hunted down by the Alabama militia…. The overall effect of the Creek trail of tears was staggering: 8,000 people apparently had died” ("Muscogee (Creek) Removal," n.d.).

Traumatic Event