Tribal Independence Era Prior to 1491

200 BCE

Arctic Peoples create sophisticated arctic sea boats, gear, and tools

Ancestors of the Inupiaq, Inuit, Yupik, and other Arctic peoples develop sophisticated boats and tools to navigate and survive the Bering Sea between Alaska and Siberia in order to hunt sea mammals. They design and develop hide-wrapped, wood frame boats, as well as smaller kayaks (Native Voices, "200 BC: Arctic hunters make ingenious boats and gear").