Indian Self-Determination and Self-Governance Era 1968-present


American Indian Religious Freedom Act

Tipi for peyote ceremony. Image: Haiduc
Tipi for peyote ceremony. Image: Haiduc

Congress passes the American Indian Religious Freedom Act, returning basic civil liberties to Native Americans, Eskimos, Aleuts, and Native Hawaiians to practice, protect, and preserve their inherent right to freedom to believe, express, and exercise their traditional religious rights and spiritual and cultural practices. These rights include access to sacred sites, freedom to worship through traditional ceremonial rites, and the possession and use of objects traditionally considered sacred by their traditions. This law has been referenced to protect sacred sites (see Lying v. Northwest Cemetery Protective Association, 1988).

Settler Colonial Policy